OREANDA-NEWS The share of food wheat (grades 1-4) in the surveyed harvest of 2023 was 72%, Maria Shostak, deputy director of the Center for Grain and Processed Products Quality Assessment (Rosselkhoznadzor Department), said at a briefing on Friday.

According to her, this is lower than the indicator for the corresponding period last year.

According to her presentation, the share of wheat of the 3rd class was 23% (34% a year ago), wheat of the 4th class - 48% (44%). The share of Grade 5 wheat (feed) has increased to 28% from 24% in 2022. At the same time, wheat of the 1st class (0.05%) and wheat of the 2nd class (0.04%) were also identified.

"And, unfortunately, non-conforming wheat (wheat that does not comply with GOST - IF) has been identified - 0.4% of the harvest. It didn't match the smell," Shostak explained. - This happened due to the fact that cleaning is carried out in difficult climatic conditions, it rains. A year ago in mid-September there was no such wheat."

Shostak also reported that 3 million tons of barley (21% of the harvested) were examined. "As of mid-September, less grade 1 barley was detected than in the previous season - 28% versus 34%. The share of barley of grades 2 and 3 has increased to 12.5%," she said.

According to her, this year the quality of peas is much better. It was examined in 37 regions - about 1 million tons. "We saw that the share of class 1 peas is 54%, in 2022 it was significantly less. The share of class 2 peas was 34%, class 3 - 11%. Last year, there were 21% of Grade 3 peas," Shostak said.

The Center also examined 434 thousand tons of rye. The share of 1st grade was 20%, which is lower than last year's figure for the same period, 2nd grade - 20%, 3rd grade - 50%, 4th grade - 8.2%. "Unfortunately, the proportion of non-conforming rye also exists this year, it is not so large, but nevertheless weather conditions broadcast rye that does not comply with GOST. 0.8% is a complete discrepancy with all GOST indicators," Shostak said.