OREANDA-NEWS The fuel and energy complex of Russia asks the government to reconsider the timing of the transition to Russian IT solutions. The refusal of imported software until 2025 and hardware and software complexes until 2026 threatens the industry with billions of dollars in losses, as well as energy shortages in the country, the Ministry of Energy warns. Companies in the industry advocate compensation for import substitution costs and propose to include them in tariffs for industrial electricity consumers from 2024.

Kommersant got acquainted with the minutes of the meeting of the State Council Commission on Energy dated March 1 on import substitution of software and hardware complexes (PAK) and software (PO) at the facilities of the critical information infrastructure of the fuel and energy complex (fuel and energy complex; 231 organizations in the Russian Federation) with the participation of the Ministry of Energy, the Ministry of Finance. It follows from the protocol that the Ministry of Energy sees a number of risks in the process of replacing foreign IT solutions, noting that according to current requirements it is impossible to replace all the necessary components on time. According to the presidential decree of March 2022, it is prohibited to use foreign software at CII facilities from 2025, and from 2025 — PAK.

The Ministry of Energy notes that in order to switch to domestic solutions, decommissioning of primary equipment (generators, transformers, etc.) is required, which threatens to cause an energy shortage: "The shutdown period of equipment can be from two to six months."

Also, it follows from the protocol, the equipment on enterprise management systems (automated process control systems, a complex of software and PAK) has a long service life, and their replacement before full depreciation threatens companies with costs. According to the Ministry of Energy, the share of foreign solutions at the fuel and energy complex facilities "remains quite high": in particular, now Windows OS is the basis for all software and packages of the fuel and energy companies' own development. According to Rosseti, compliance with the ban on the use of foreign software may require about 280 billion rubles from the fuel and energy complex.